Blog | Aug. 7, 2018

At What Cost? Two weeks on

What makes our Defenders Annual Report – and what happens after? Senior Campaigner Ben Leather reflects on the release of At What Cost?, the brave land and environmental defenders who continue to fight, and how you can help Global Witness to support them following the report’s launch. 

Ramon Bedoya on tree trunk

Ramon Bedoya, Colombia. Credit: Thom Pierce / Guardian / Global Witness / UN Environment

It is up to me to follow in the same footsteps as my father walked, so that they’ll give us back our land again. - Ramón Bedoya, Colombia
The desire for justice and reparations for the fallen defenders, for their families, and above all that this never happens again—that is an energy that compels you to keep working. - Isela González, Mexico
The owner of the plantation… should give back our land… It’s not just for our family but the rest of the people living in the area. My father offered his blood. He gave his life. We will continue. - Marivic ‘Tarsila’ Danyan, Philippines

Three brave activists showing the power and resilience of their communities

In 2017 Ramón’s father was shot 14 times by a paramilitary group, Isela’s colleague murdered by a suspected hitman, and Tarsila’s husband, father and brothers all killed by the army. Brutal reprisals for having dared to question powerful interests, and the way in which the products we consume are made. Yet their families, colleagues and communities continue to stand up for their rights and our environment.

They are our inspiration. They are the reason I get out of bed in the morning. And they are the reason why Global Witness published our report At What Cost?  last week.

We are campaigning so that governments and companies end irresponsible business practises and keep land and environmental defenders safe. And you can join us.

It’s been a big two weeks since our report At What Cost? launched

The enormous amount of media coverage which followed publication showed the interest that exists globally and the energy which can be harnessed to create change. Since its release, over 800 publications have cited the report globally, including CNN, National Geographic and El País, and our social media campaign has reached upwards of 6 million people.

Crucially, though, the report was amply covered in those countries where defenders face greatest risks and are often disparaged and stigmatised in the media. In Colombia, El Espectador ran a front page exclusive using our research to show exactly why over 92% of defenders’ murders remain in impunity. Defenders also made the front pages and top outlets in Mexico, Brazil, the Philippines and Honduras.

Global Witness today reveals that at least 207 land and environmental defenders were killed last year

Marivic ‘Tarsila’ Danyan, Philippines. Credit: Thom Pierce / Guardian / Global Witness / UN Environment

Here in London, meanwhile, the Daily Mirror reported that the UK government may have put defenders in danger through sales of spyware to the Honduran authorities, just before recent elections which led to widespread violence and repression. It was a stark reminder of the role of those who invest in countries where defenders are at-risk. The UK government said that ‘risks around human rights abuses’ were a ‘key part’ of their licensing assessment.

They weren’t the only ones in denial. The Brazilian President questioned the veracity of our data, rather than committing to change anything in a country which has consistently topped the polls of the worst places for environmentalists. After a year of rigorous verification, we felt compelled to respond.

However other authorities were more receptive to our concerns. The Philippines government said they would look into things. We spoke with Colombian authorities about what can be done, and representatives of the President Elect in Mexico received copies of the reports and agreed to speak to local NGOs.

The faces and voices of Defenders

Particularly popular among the general public were film maker Leo Plunkett’s 2-minute video and Thom Pierce’s photoessay, which help visualise and explain the struggles of defenders, giving voice to those on the front line. 

Those photos and that film visibly moved the audience which joined us at The Guardian’s offices on Wednesday, for an event to mark one year of our collaboration together, through which the newspaper’s journalists have complemented our real-time data on murders of defenders, with stories and news from around the world. 

Defenders exhibition

Thom Pierce's photos on display at The Guardian's offices.

Leo spoke about his visit to meet Maria do Socorro, a Brazilian activist fighting for justice for a community suffering the devastating health and environmental impacts allegedly caused by a nearby alumina plant. After just a couple of days there, he and Thom had thumping headaches from the toxicity of the air - yet the community have had to fight so hard just for any recognition of the issue. An exhibition of Thom’s photos is open for public viewing at the reception area of the Guardian’s offices at King’s Place, London, until the end of August.

This is all part of our endeavour to make our work - and defenders’ voices themselves - more accessible. Hence our user-friendly report landing page, via which you can access a range of resources including an interactive photo-essay, plus recommendations for governments and business regarding how they can prevent threats against defenders, support those at risk, and guarantee accountability when attacks occur.

Who can make the change

Despite the odds they face, the global community of environmental and land defenders is not going away – it’s only getting stronger. Global Witness will campaign alongside them, taking their struggle to the corridors of power and the boardrooms of corporations. We will not tire in our fight to ensure that their voices are heard. That’s why we’re heading to Brazil in September and Brussels in November: to talk to defenders, policy makers, governments and business; to push for change.

 And there’s a role which you can play too. Defenders are dying for questioning the way in which the products we consume are made. The coffee and fruit on our shelves, the minerals in our electronic devices, the wooden furniture in our homes. Where there are land grabs and environmental devastation, there are defenders fighting to stop that. And right now that implies grave risks.

 We, the consumers, have power. If we show solidarity with defenders and show politicians and companies that they cannot count on our votes and custom unless they too take action, then we can help keep brave activists like Ramón, Isela and Tarsila safe.

We must use our voices to amplify those of defenders, highlighting the critical work they do and the challenges they face on a daily basis. Use yours. Join the movement and add your name to our campaign, at


  • Ben Leather

    Campaigner, Land and Environmental Rights Defenders


  • General/out of hours media enquiries

You might also like

  • Report

    At What Cost?

    Irresponsible business and the murder of land and environmental defenders in 2017
    Maria in Brazil - Defender
  • Campaign Hub

    2017 Defenders Annual Report

    'At What Cost?' looks at irresponsible business and the murder of land and environmental defenders in 2017.
    Ramon in Colombia
  • The Defenders: our partnership with the Guardian

    This year, in collaboration with Global Witness, the Guardian will attempt to record all of the deaths of people who are killed while defending their land, forests, rivers or wildlife – most often against the harmful impacts of industry.
    Guardian banner