In February 2012, the Congolese government introduced domestic legislation requiring companies operating in its domestic tin, tantalum, tungsten or gold mining sectors to undertake supply chain due diligence according to the OECD standard.
In the Great Lakes region, companies have begun to engage in closed-pipe supply chain projects, whereby businesses all along the supply chain, from mine to final product, work together to identify and manage risks at specific mines and along trading routes with the aim of creating a clean mineral supply.
Key examples of these developments are:
- A private sector-led due
mineral bagging and tagging scheme is operating at certain
mines in four provinces in Congo. Other companies hope to initiate similar due
diligence-based schemes soon.
- Mine site validations carried out by mixed
civil society, DRC
government and private sector teams are underway. Although beset
the validations check for the presence of Congolese army soldiers, armed
groups, children of under fifteen years and pregnant women in mines.
- A series of pilot closed-pipe supply
chain schemes paved the way for responsible sourcing activities in South Kivu and Katanga
provinces in Congo.
How the mineral trade funds violence and armed conflict.
The Current Situation in Eastern Congo
US Conflict Minerals Law
In 2010, US Congress passed a landmark law - section 1502 of the Dodd Frank Act - requiring companies to determine if their products contain one or more of four minerals sourced from Congo or its neighbours.