Renewed violence in eastern Congo underscores the urgent need for companies and governments to clean up Congo’s minerals trade.
This report is based on Global Witness field research carried out in March 2012 in Congo’s Kivus provinces, which have been blighted by a minerals-fuelled conflict for over a decade.
The research shows how some companies have begun putting in place checks on their supply chains – known as due diligence – while others are refusing to do so. Nascent progress in the Kivus risks being jeopardised, however, by a new rebellion instigated by Congolese army general Bosco Ntaganda. The report describes how Ntaganda, a career warlord wanted by the International Criminal Court, seized control of some of the region’s richest mining areas and built up a highly lucrative conflict minerals trafficking operation prior to his April mutiny. Global Witness believes it is highly likely that proceeds from the general’s racketeering are being used to finance the current fighting.
US Conflict Minerals Law
In 2010, US Congress passed a landmark law - section 1502 of the Dodd Frank Act - requiring companies to determine if their products contain one or more of four minerals sourced from Congo or its neighbours.
Reform in the Great Lakes
Momentum generated by the passage of Section 1502 of the Dodd Frank Act has led to domestic reforms in the Great Lakes region’s mineral sector.
Democratic Republic of Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has an immense wealth of natural resources. But instead of driving development, these riches are benefiting predatory elites, armed groups and cowboy firms.