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Afghanistan

Gaps in new Afghan mining law pose a threat to stability

19th August 2014
Afghanistan’s new mining law has serious weaknesses, warns Global Witness, as President Hamid Karzai signed the bill onto the statute books. The gaps in the law increase the risk that the country’s mineral wealth will fuel conflict and corruption instead of development, the campaigning group adds. The law – which sets out how Afghanistan’s US$ 1 trillion of mineral riches are regulated –does not include several basic safeguards against corruption and conflict, posing a threat to Afghanistan’s bid for stability and development. A series of major copper and gold contracts which have been held up pending the passage of the law are now likely to be finalised – but will be subject to significantly weaker transparency and oversight.

Afghanistan’s new mining law has serious weaknesses, warns Global Witness, as President Hamid Karzai signed the bill onto the statute books. The gaps in the law increase the risk that the country’s mineral wealth will fuel conflict and corruption instead of development, the campaigning group adds.

Civil society coalition letter to Afghan President Hamid Karzai on Afghanistan's draft mining law

1st February 2014
A coalition of 29 Afghan and international civil society organisations wrote to Afghan President Hamid Karzai to urge him to use his influence to strengthen the draft mining law then before the lower house of the Afghan parliament - rather than passing the law by decree during the parliamentary recess. The letter asked the President to ensure the law was changed to include:

A coalition of 29 Afghan and international civil society organisations wrote to Afghan President Hamid Karzai to urge him to use his influence to strengthen the draft mining law then before the lower house of the Afghan parliament - rather than passing the law by decree during the parliamentary recess. The letter asked the President to ensure the law was changed to include:

The case for human rights due diligence: Global Witness’ comments for Tripartite Meeting on Responsible Sourcing of Precious Stones

26th May 2014
Across the globe the trade in diamonds and coloured stones is associated with conflict and human rights abuse. Concerns about these issues in countries such as Afghanistan and Zimbabwe demonstrate that existing responsible sourcing initiatives are failing to fully address the problems.

Across the globe the trade in diamonds and coloured stones is associated with conflict and human rights abuse. Concerns about these issues in countries such as Afghanistan and Zimbabwe demonstrate that existing responsible sourcing initiatives are failing to fully address the problems.

There is an urgent need for consensus around a more comprehensive and effective approach to ensuring that companies involved in precious stones supply chains are not causing harm through their operations.

Afghan election must respect and strengthen the rule of law

4th April 2014
Global Witness called on the candidates to Afghan presidency to ensure a clean vote in tomorrow’s election – and to use the result to strengthen governance of Afghanistan’s natural resources so they can benefit all of the Afghan people.

Global Witness called on the candidates to Afghan presidency to ensure a clean vote in tomorrow’s election – and to use the result to strengthen governance of Afghanistan’s natural resources so they can benefit all of the Afghan people.

Afghan government must act on governance measures to avoid resource curse

26th February 2014
Global Witness and Integrity Watch Afghanistan today called on the Afghan government – and candidates in the country’s Presidential election – to commit to stronger protections against conflict and corruption fuelled by natural resources. The call comes as the Ministry of Mines is drafting a comprehensive national plan for management of natural resources.

Click here to read the report.

Afghan Government and Parliament must address gaps in mining law to prevent conflict and corruption

27th November 2013
Global Witness today called on the Afghan government and Parliament to strengthen the country’s proposed mining law to help ensure mining is a force for development in the country, rather than conflict and corruption. The call comes as Afghanistan’s Parliament sits to debate this crucial legislation.

简体中文 - 摘要

Global Witness today called on the Afghan government and Parliament to strengthen the country’s proposed mining law to help ensure mining is a force for development in the country, rather than conflict and corruption. The call comes as Afghanistan’s Parliament sits to debate this crucial legislation.  

A shaky foundation? Analysing Afghanistan’s draft mining law

27th November 2013
Afghanistan is endowed with minerals that could be worth a trillion dollars.1 Both the Afghan government and their international partners understandably hope these resources will fuel development and reduce dependence on foreign aid, and are working to encourage the growth of mining. But there is a grave risk that, as in many other conflict-affected states, the exploitation of natural riches will fuel insecurity and corruption – and in the end could do far more harm than good for the Afghan people, and the Afghan economy. If Afghanistan is to avoid this resource curse, an exceptionally strong legal and regulatory framework will be vital.

Read the press release here.

Afghan Government reinforces comprehensive extractives sector commitment

4th July 2013
Global Witness welcomes a statement from the Afghan government reinforcing its commitment to manage its natural resource sector openly, transparently and in line with international best practice, but warns that effective implementation will be key to success.

Global Witness welcomes a statement from the Afghan government reinforcing its commitment to manage its natural resource sector openly, transparently and in line with international best practice, but warns that effective implementation will be key to success. The statement comes days after a coalition of 36 civil society groups, including Global Witness, wrote to the Afghan government and donors calling on them to strengthen their commitments in the extractives sector.

Civil society to Afghan government and donors: live up to your promises on mining sector

28th June 2013
An alliance of 36 Afghan and international civil society organisations have urged the Afghan government and its donors to deliver on their commitment to effective oversight in the country’s extractives sector. The call, made in letters sent to the Afghan Minister of Mines, Wahidullah Shahrani, and key international partners, comes ahead of a crucial meeting taking place in Kabul on the 3rd July.

An alliance of 36 Afghan and international civil society organisations have urged the Afghan government and its donors to deliver on their commitment to effective oversight in the country’s extractives sector. The call, made in letters sent to the Afghan Minister of Mines, Wahidullah Shahrani, and key international partners, comes ahead of a crucial meeting taking place in Kabul on the 3rd July.

Response to Ministry of Mines’ statement of December 2012 on “Copper Bottomed?” report

21st December 2012
Global Witness welcomes the public response of the Ministry of Mines to our Copper Bottomed? report on Afghanistan’s biggest private investment and the country’s first major extractives agreement – the 2008 Aynak copper deal. We set out below clarifications and further information on the points raised in the statement of the Ministry of Mines. We look forward to continuing an open and constructive dialogue on how our research can be used to strengthen the foundations for the emerging extractives sector so as to guard against risks of harm and to ensure that the Afghan people receive the real and lasting benefits they deserve.

Global Witness welcomes the public response of the Ministry of Mines to our Copper Bottomed?