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Afghanistan

Afghans call on David Cameron and Ashraf Ghani to reform Afghanistan’s trillion-dollar natural resource sector

2nd December 2014
More than forty Afghan and international organizations warned David Cameron and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani that Afghanistan’s trillion dollar natural resource sector could fund conflict and humanitarian crises if not governed properly, days before the duo host the first major international conference on Afghanistan since its new government was elected.

More than forty Afghan and international organizations warned David Cameron and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani that Afghanistan’s trillion dollar natural resource sector could fund conflict and humanitarian crises if not governed properly, days before the duo host the first major international conference on Afghanistan since its new government was elected. 

Conflict Minerals: Stop the EU supporting a deadly trade (infographic)

24th September 2014
A new analysis by Global Witness shows that companies are bringing billions of euros worth of minerals into Europe without having to disclose if their purchases finance armed groups or human rights violations in countries ravaged by conflict.

NATO Urged to Recognise Natural Resource Governance as Crucial to Afghanistan’s Future Stability and Security

29th August 2014
NATO’s hopes for stability in Afghanistan – and a lasting legacy from its 11 year combat mission there – will be deeply undermined without action to address the growing threat of conflict and corruption from natural resources, a broad coalition of thirty-six Afghan and international civil society organisations has told the organisation as it prepares for its upcoming conference.

NATO’s hopes for stability in Afghanistan – and a lasting legacy from its 11 year combat mission there – will be deeply undermined without action to address the growing threat of conflict and corruption from natural resources, a broad coalition of thirty-six Afghan and international civil society organisations has told the organisation as it prepares for its upcoming conference.

Gaps in new Afghan mining law pose a threat to stability

19th August 2014
Afghanistan’s new mining law has serious weaknesses, warns Global Witness, as President Hamid Karzai signed the bill onto the statute books. The gaps in the law increase the risk that the country’s mineral wealth will fuel conflict and corruption instead of development, the campaigning group adds. The law – which sets out how Afghanistan’s US$ 1 trillion of mineral riches are regulated –does not include several basic safeguards against corruption and conflict, posing a threat to Afghanistan’s bid for stability and development. A series of major copper and gold contracts which have been held up pending the passage of the law are now likely to be finalised – but will be subject to significantly weaker transparency and oversight.

Afghanistan’s new mining law has serious weaknesses, warns Global Witness, as President Hamid Karzai signed the bill onto the statute books. The gaps in the law increase the risk that the country’s mineral wealth will fuel conflict and corruption instead of development, the campaigning group adds.

Civil society coalition letter to Afghan President Hamid Karzai on Afghanistan's draft mining law

1st February 2014
A coalition of 29 Afghan and international civil society organisations wrote to Afghan President Hamid Karzai to urge him to use his influence to strengthen the draft mining law then before the lower house of the Afghan parliament - rather than passing the law by decree during the parliamentary recess. The letter asked the President to ensure the law was changed to include:

A coalition of 29 Afghan and international civil society organisations wrote to Afghan President Hamid Karzai to urge him to use his influence to strengthen the draft mining law then before the lower house of the Afghan parliament - rather than passing the law by decree during the parliamentary recess. The letter asked the President to ensure the law was changed to include:

The case for human rights due diligence: Global Witness’ comments for Tripartite Meeting on Responsible Sourcing of Precious Stones

26th May 2014
Across the globe the trade in diamonds and coloured stones is associated with conflict and human rights abuse. Concerns about these issues in countries such as Afghanistan and Zimbabwe demonstrate that existing responsible sourcing initiatives are failing to fully address the problems.

Across the globe the trade in diamonds and coloured stones is associated with conflict and human rights abuse. Concerns about these issues in countries such as Afghanistan and Zimbabwe demonstrate that existing responsible sourcing initiatives are failing to fully address the problems.

There is an urgent need for consensus around a more comprehensive and effective approach to ensuring that companies involved in precious stones supply chains are not causing harm through their operations.

Afghan election must respect and strengthen the rule of law

4th April 2014
Global Witness called on the candidates to Afghan presidency to ensure a clean vote in tomorrow’s election – and to use the result to strengthen governance of Afghanistan’s natural resources so they can benefit all of the Afghan people.

Global Witness called on the candidates to Afghan presidency to ensure a clean vote in tomorrow’s election – and to use the result to strengthen governance of Afghanistan’s natural resources so they can benefit all of the Afghan people.

Afghan government must act on governance measures to avoid resource curse

26th February 2014
Global Witness and Integrity Watch Afghanistan today called on the Afghan government – and candidates in the country’s Presidential election – to commit to stronger protections against conflict and corruption fuelled by natural resources. The call comes as the Ministry of Mines is drafting a comprehensive national plan for management of natural resources.

Click here to read the report.

Afghan Government and Parliament must address gaps in mining law to prevent conflict and corruption

27th November 2013
Global Witness today called on the Afghan government and Parliament to strengthen the country’s proposed mining law to help ensure mining is a force for development in the country, rather than conflict and corruption. The call comes as Afghanistan’s Parliament sits to debate this crucial legislation.

简体中文 - 摘要

Global Witness today called on the Afghan government and Parliament to strengthen the country’s proposed mining law to help ensure mining is a force for development in the country, rather than conflict and corruption. The call comes as Afghanistan’s Parliament sits to debate this crucial legislation.  

A shaky foundation? Analysing Afghanistan’s draft mining law

27th November 2013
Afghanistan is endowed with minerals that could be worth a trillion dollars.1 Both the Afghan government and their international partners understandably hope these resources will fuel development and reduce dependence on foreign aid, and are working to encourage the growth of mining. But there is a grave risk that, as in many other conflict-affected states, the exploitation of natural riches will fuel insecurity and corruption – and in the end could do far more harm than good for the Afghan people, and the Afghan economy. If Afghanistan is to avoid this resource curse, an exceptionally strong legal and regulatory framework will be vital.

Read the press release here.