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Briefing Document

Who is buying up Myanmar's oil and gas?

26th June 2014
This infographic shows how few of Myanmar’s recently awarded oil and gas blocks have gone to companies whose real owners are identifiable. In a country with a long history of corruption in the natural resource sector, such secrecy poses serious questions as to who will reap the benefits of these resources. Global Witness has repeatedly shown how secret company ownership structures are used as getaway cars for corrupt politicians, warlords and money-launderers all over the world.

Conflict Minerals: Stop the EU supporting a deadly trade (infographic)

24th September 2014
A new analysis by Global Witness shows that companies are bringing billions of euros worth of minerals into Europe without having to disclose if their purchases finance armed groups or human rights violations in countries ravaged by conflict.

Global Witness recommendations for the Post-2015 UN Development Goals

11th July 2014
With the final meeting of the UN Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals taking place next week, Global Witness is pushing for clear goals and targets on land rights, forest management, and anti-corruption to be shortlisted.

With the final meeting of the UN Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals taking place next week, Global Witness is pushing for clear goals and targets on land rights, forest management, and anti-corruption to be shortlisted.

Click here to read our joint statement with the International Land Coalition, Oxfam and others highlighting the importance of clear indicators for secure and equitable rights to land and natural resources.

Briefing: Japan’s timber imports fuelling rainforest destruction in Sarawak and violation of indigenous land rights

3rd July 2014
This brief describes the findings of recent Global Witness research and field work looking into the operations of two major logging companies in Sarawak, Samling Group and Shin Yang Group. A number of recent independent studies have exposed systemic illegal and destructive logging by both companies,6 providing additional evidence of the environmental and legal issues surrounding logging in Sarawak.

The tropical rainforests of Borneo are internationally recognized for their cultural and ecological significance, but they are under serious threat from unsustainable logging and agriculture. This threat is particularly acute in the state of Sarawak, Malaysia, where rampant unsustainable and often illegal logging, increasingly followed by clearance for palm oil and timber plantations, is resulting in one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world.

Civil society coalition letter to Afghan President Hamid Karzai on Afghanistan's draft mining law

1st February 2014
A coalition of 29 Afghan and international civil society organisations wrote to Afghan President Hamid Karzai to urge him to use his influence to strengthen the draft mining law then before the lower house of the Afghan parliament - rather than passing the law by decree during the parliamentary recess. The letter asked the President to ensure the law was changed to include:

A coalition of 29 Afghan and international civil society organisations wrote to Afghan President Hamid Karzai to urge him to use his influence to strengthen the draft mining law then before the lower house of the Afghan parliament - rather than passing the law by decree during the parliamentary recess. The letter asked the President to ensure the law was changed to include:

The case for human rights due diligence: Global Witness’ comments for Tripartite Meeting on Responsible Sourcing of Precious Stones

26th May 2014
Across the globe the trade in diamonds and coloured stones is associated with conflict and human rights abuse. Concerns about these issues in countries such as Afghanistan and Zimbabwe demonstrate that existing responsible sourcing initiatives are failing to fully address the problems.

Across the globe the trade in diamonds and coloured stones is associated with conflict and human rights abuse. Concerns about these issues in countries such as Afghanistan and Zimbabwe demonstrate that existing responsible sourcing initiatives are failing to fully address the problems.

There is an urgent need for consensus around a more comprehensive and effective approach to ensuring that companies involved in precious stones supply chains are not causing harm through their operations.

South Sudan: the call for a moratorium on new oil contracts

4th June 2014
South Sudan is the world’s newest country and its most oil dependent. It is the midst of a violent crisis which has killed thousands and displaced almost 1 million South Sudanese citizens. Oil has been a key driver of the conflict, concentrating the worst of the fighting in the oil producing states of Unity and Upper Nile, and culminating in the massacre of hundreds of citizens in both state capitals. As a central part of the problem, oil has to be a key part of the solution.

Click here to read the associated press release.

Myth Buster: The conflict minerals provision

2nd June 2014
Best known as the ‘conflict minerals provision,’ but Section 1502 of the Dodd Frank Act is a law that requires US-listed companies that use four minerals—tantalum, tin, tungsten and gold—in their products to determine whether their mineral purchases inadvertently fund armed groups in the DRC or surrounding countries. But misinformation around the provision prevails. On the day that the companies submit their first reports, Global Witness separates the facts from the fiction.

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Best known as the ‘conflict minerals provision,’ but Section 1502 of the Dodd Frank Act is a law that requires US-listed companies that use four minerals—tantalum, tin, tungsten and gold—in their products to determine whether their mineral purchases inadvertently fund armed groups in the DRC or surrounding countries.

Kazakhmys response over ownership of smelter

10th March 2014